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A STATISTICAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STUDENTS’COURSE OF STUDY AND THEIR ATTITUDE TOWARDS EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA

A STATISTICAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STUDENTS’COURSE
OF STUDY AND THEIR ATTITUDE TOWARDS EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA (A CASE
STUDY OF FINAL YEAR STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF IBADAN).

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1.  Background of the
study

 Educational development in Nigeria has over
the period been treated with kid gloves. For a nation to be able to compete favorably
with its contemporaries, a lot has to be done and invested in educating its
citizenry. For Nigeria as a country to be judged educationally developed, a lot
has to be done and this should start from the mindset of our youths as the
development of education in Nigeria has to be sustained by this vibrant age
grade in other to make a lasting impression on the fabrics of the nation.
Educational development in Nigeria has to be a collective responsibility in
other to realize this dream. Youths and adults must see it as a tool for
economic development which must not be treated with kid gloves. The more
interested our future leaders are in educational development the less the
illiteracy rate in Nigeria. Over the period, Nigeria has witnessed a slow but
steady rise in educational development spanning from the pre-colonial to the
post-colonial dispensation. Our students are a principal agent in this onus
task of educational development in Nigeria. Nigeria has made considerable progress in the
domain of education. The educational system in the country is supervised by the
state. There are 27 federal and state-owned polytechnics in Nigeria
(Wikipedia, 2012).
The first 6 years of primary education are mandatory in Nigeria. 
Nigeria is making a steady progress in the
development of education. Many universities and schools have been established
by the state. However, much still needs to be done.
Primary education in Nigeria is in the native
language but brings in English in the third year (Akpan 2011). Higher Education
has developed considerably over the years, which has resulted in a healthy
literacy rate. For educational to be properly developed in Nigeria, our youths
especially our undergraduates in the various institutions of higher learning
must imbibe the culture or must be willing to give back to the educational
sector by going back to the classrooms to assist. Though this may have been
partially achieved by the compulsory national service where corp members are
being deployed to the schools but this over the period has not yielded its
desired result owing to the fact that they do not find the educational system
in Nigeria attractive and entertaining. In other to minimize brain drain or
capital flight in the educational sector in the country, government has that
prerogative to ensure that the educational system is made as attractive as
possible as this would help develop education in Nigeria which would in turn
help us compete with our contemporaries all over the world.

1.2.  Statement of the
general problem

Despite
the recent development in the educational sector In Nigeria, some pressing
issues have been a re occurring decimal in the problems surrounding educational
development in Nigeria. Our youths who should be at the front burner in the
nations development of the educational sector has suddenly grown cold in their
quest for a better educational system and sector.  The near stagnant nature of the educational
sector has had its negative effect on other sectors of the economy. This malady
has equally led to the drastic rise in terrorism as witnessed in some part of
the country. All these and other unmentioned over bearing consequences has led
us to this study in knowing the real causes behind the lack of interest of the
youths in helping to develop education in Nigeria.

1.3.  Objectives of the
study

The
following are the objectives of this study:

Ø  To know the relationship between students
course of study and their attitude towards educational development in Nigeria.

Ø To
know the real issues militating against educational development in Nigeria.

Ø To
suggest ways of improving educational development in Nigeria.

Ø To
know the mindset of the youths towards the nature of the educational sector in
Nigeria.

1.4.  Research questions

1.  Is
the educational sector in Nigeria developed?

2.  How
important is the educational sector in Nigeria.

3.  Do
students generally love to be employed into the educational sector in Nigeria?

4.  Would
you willingly want to be a stakeholder in the educational sector in country?

5.  Has
the educational sector improved overtime in Nigeria?

6.  What
are the ways the educational system can be made attractive to the youths?

1.5.  Research Hypothesis

The
following hypotheses will be tested to guide this study;  

1.
H0: there is no significant relationship between the course of study
of students and their perception towards educational development in Nigeria.

H1:
there is a significant relationship between the course of study of students and
their perception towards educational development in Nigeria.

2.      
H0: poor
educational development does not influence the general economy of Nigeria.

H1: poor
educational development influences the general economy of Nigeria.

1.6.  Significance of the
study

The
following are the significance of this study:

Ø This
study will unravel the unique relationship between the discipline of Nigeria’s
undergraduates and their attitude or perception towards educational
development.

Ø This research will also serve as a
resource base to other scholars and researchers interested in carrying out
further research in this field subsequently, if applied will go to an extent to
provide new explanation to the topic

Ø This
study would also suggest ways of making the educational sector more attractive
to youths to help boost its development.

1.7.  Scope of the study

 This study is on the relationship between undergraduates’
course of study and their perception towards educational development in
Nigeria.

 

1.8.  Limitations of the
study

Financial constraint– Insufficient fund tends to impede the
efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature
or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire
and interview).

Time constraint– The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study
with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted
for the research work.

1.9.  Definition of terms

Development: an
event constituting a new stage in a changing situation.

Education: the
process of receiving or giving systematic instruction, especially at a school
or university.

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